god's son meaning
It is natural to assume that its use in application to Jesus is derived from one or other of its Old Testament uses; and the one almost universally fixed upon by modern scholarship as that from which it was derived is the fourth mentioned above--that to the Jewish kings. Hebrews 1:3 expresses this very clearly, âThe Son is the radiance of Godâs glory and the exact representation of His being.â Bibliography Information The only exception to this flow of exultation is Luke 3:38 when it says Adam was the âSon of God,â but here the context is a genealogy, and we know that Adam was the first man created by God. While to the common mind "the Son of man" is a title designating the human side of our Lord's person, "the Son of God" seems as obviously to indicate the divine side. Here Jesus is not only called "the Son of God" by others, but applies the title to Himself in its full shape, as well as in the abbreviated form of "the Son." To statements such as these a merely official Sonship is not adequate; the relation must be ethical and metaphysical as well; and to a perfect Sonship all three elements are essential. Could the âsons of Godâ of Genesis 6 be fallen angels or demons? We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. As such, the title is associated more with the development of the doctrine of the Trinity. But from henceforth shall the Son of man be seated at the right hand of the power of God," they all say, "Art thou then the Son of God?" No legitimate Christian sect suggests that God took a wife and had a child, and most certainly none conceive that God fathered a child through a human mother outside of marriage. Theologians sometimes use that term when they want to refer to God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit as three divine Persons in one God. Jesus was also called the Son of Mary and Son of Joseph. What does âSon of Godâ mean in the first place? He speaks of God as His Father, and to the disciples He speaks of God as their Father; but He never speaks to them of God as their common Father: what He says is, "My Father and your Father" (John 20:17). "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". Godson definition is - a male godchild. As the Son of God, Jesus exemplified a perfect relationship with the Father. The doctrine of the Trinity identifies Jesus as the incarnation of God, united in essence (consubstantial) but distinct in person with regard to God the Father and God the Holy Spirit (the first and third persons of the Trinity). For this the authority of Paul is often assumed to be responsible; but there was a prior and higher authority. Who GOD Is: The Names of GOD, The SON; JESUS in the Holy Bible. Jehovah's Witnesses reject the term along with the word 'Trinity' as extrabiblical terminology, along with the Deity of Christ. It was when Jesus affirmed this also that their angry astonishment knew no bounds, and their sentence was immediate and capital. Prayer Counseling Ministry Abraham had more than one son, but Isaac was the only son he had by Sarah and the only son of the covenant. To be the Son of God is to be of the same nature as God. The Bible often uses Father and Son with God and Jesus to explain their relationship in terms we can better understand as humans, but this does not mean Jesus was created by God the Father. By these words, it is usually assumed, He was designated as the Messiah; but in the adjective "beloved," and the words "in whom I am well pleased," there is something personal, beyond the merely official recognition. The expression does not refer to the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem, because he is the Son from eternity past. The name of JESUS in combat, Use of His name in Prayer: Hosted by: Lilly Of The Valley VA's JESUS Loves You! This seems expressly to contradict the statement, so often made, that He makes others sons of God in the same sense as Himself, or that His Sonship is ethical, not metaphysical. The "Son" in Mark 13:32 9. This is its meaning in Hebrews 11:17 when the writer refers to Isaac as Abrahamâs "only begotten son" (KJV). There is a saying of Jesus (Mark 13:32) about His own Sonship which may seem to refute the church doctrine on the subject, as in it He confesses ignorance of the date of His Second Coming: "Of that day or that hour knoweth no one, not even the angels in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father." Other passages in the Bible make this very clear. In the account of the ecclesiastical trial in the Gospel of Lk, He is charged, "If thou art the Christ, tell us"; and, when He replies, "If I tell you, ye will not believe: and if I ask you, ye will not answer. The doctrine of the Trinity identifies Jesus as God the Son, united in essence but distinct in person with regard to God the Father and God the Holy Spirit. Secondly, in Luke 3:38 it is applied to the first man; and from the parable of the Prodigal Son it may be argued that it is applicable to all men. ); and, if this was the sense in which the prince of devils made use of the phrase, we may conclude that in the mouths of the demoniacs who hailed Jesus by the same title it must have had the same meaning. As a pagan this soldier might be thinking of Jesus as one of those heroes, born of human mothers but divine fathers, of whom the mythology of his country had so much to tell (compare the margin). ', The second person of the Trinity in Christian theology, Names and titles of Jesus in the New Testament, http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/160390.htm, "Exodus 3:14 | The New King James Version", "John 1:18 No one has ever seen God, but the one and only Son, who is himself God and is in closest relationship with the Father, has made him known", Son of God: The Title Son of God Affirms Jesus Christ's Divine Nature, Catholic Encyclopedia: The Blessed Trinity, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=God_the_Son&oldid=978925989, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 September 2020, at 19:16. 5. The "Son" in Matthew 28:18-20 10. Of the passages in the Synoptists where Jesus speaks about God as "the Father" and Himself as "the Son," a peculiar solemnity attaches to Matthew 11:27 parallel Luke 10:22, "All things have been delivered unto me of my Father: and no one knoweth the Son, save the Father; neither doth any know the Father, save the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son willeth to reveal him." Trinitarians believe that a clear reference to the Trinity occurs in Matthew 28:19, "Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. First, the term does not mean Jesus was the literal offspring of God the Father, as each of us is the child of our human father. Now and then He Himself employs the abbreviated form, "the Son," with the same intention; and He often speaks of God as "the Father" or "my Father" or "my Father who is in heaven" in such a manner as to betray the consciousness that He is the Son of God. of Alleged Equivalence to "Messiah"--Personal Sense Implied. Two other messianic titles are Son of David and Son of Man. Concerning the triune nature of God, John wrote in his epistle, âFor there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are oneâ (1st John 5:7). This is the key expression for the doctrine of âthe eternal generation of the Son,â meaning, he always was the only begotten Son. First, it is applied to angels, as when in Job 2:1 it is said that "the sons of God came to present themselves before Yahweh"; they may be so called because they are the creatures of God's hands or because, as spiritual beings, they resemble God, who is a spirit. Finally, in the New Testament, the title is applied to all saints, as in John 1:12, "But as many as received him, to them gave he the right to become children of God, even to them that believe on his name." Thus, in 2 Samuel 7:14, Yahweh says of Solomon, "I will be his father, and he shall be my son"; and, in Psalms 2:7, the coronation of a king is announced in an oracle from heaven, which says, "Thou art my son; this day have I begotten thee." On many other questions the followers of Jesus were divided; but on this one they were unanimous. The conclusion would seem to be that He is a being intermediate between the angels and God; but this impression is corrected by the greatest of all the sayings in which He calls Himself the Son (Matthew 28:18-20), "All authority hath been given unto me in heaven and on earth. In this way, Christians believe that God is a âpersonalâ God, meaning a being they can develop a relationship with. Last son of Gaia, fathered by Tartarus and god of monsters, storms, and volcanoes. Lesson Three from Those Things Most Surely Believed by Us Text: John 1:1-3, 14; Hebrews 1:1-3 Introduction. Letâs read another two passages of Almighty Godâs word to clarify our understanding of this issue. Thirdly, it is applied to the Hebrew nation, as when, in Exodus 4:22, Yahweh says to Pharaoh, "Israel is my son, my first-born," the reason being that Israel was the object of Yahweh's special love and gracious choice. God the Son is the second person of the Trinity in Christian theology. When we come to examine its use in the New Testament as applied by others to Jesus, the facts are far from simple, and it is not applied in a uniform sense. ", Groups of both trinitarian and antitrinitarian Christians reject the term 'God the Son' to describe Jesus Christ (as well as 'God the Holy Ghost' to describe the Holy Spirit). See the books on the Theology of the New Testament by Weiss, Beyschlag, Holtzmann, Feine, Schlatter, Weinel, Bovon, Stevens, Sheldon; and on the Teaching of Jesus by Bruce, Wendt, Dalman; Gore, The Incarnation of the Son of God, Bampton Lectures, 1891, and Dissertations on Subjects Connected with the Incarnation; Robertson, Teaching of Jesus concerning God the Father; full bibliography in Stalker, Christ's Teaching concerning Himself. Another feature of Sonship in the Fourth Gospel is preexistence, though, strange to say, this is more than once connected with the title "Son of man." The deadliest monster in Greek mythology and âFather of All Monstersâ. Such an idea is foreign to reason, tradition, and Scripture. There is another passage where it is frequently contended that "the Christ" and "the Son of God" must be exactly parallel, but a close examination suggests the reverse. This is a physical reason, akin to that on account of which the angels or the first man received the title; but it is rather curious that this point of view does not seem to be adopted elsewhere, unless it be in the exclamation of the centurion at the foot of the cross, "Truly this was the Son of God" (Matthew 27:54). But for this there is no ground whatever; the passage is the climax of the Gospel in which it occurs, in the same way as the confession of Thomas is the climax of the Gospel of Jn; and to remove it would be an intolerable mutilation. 1915. But scholarship cannot take this for granted; and, indeed, it requires only a hasty glance at the facts to bring this home even to the general reader, because in Scripture the title is bestowed on a variety of persons for a variety of reasons. The holy spirit is Godâs power in action, his active force. Alleged Equivalence to Messiah--Personal Sense Implied: It has been contended, not without plausibility, that for Jesus Himself the source of the title may have been the employment of it in the voice from heaven at His Baptism, "This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased" (Matthew 3:17). This recalls the statement in John 5:18, "The Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only brake the sabbath, but also called God his own Father, making himself equal with God"; to which may be added (John 10:33), "The Jews answered him, For a good work we stone thee not, but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.". H. J. Holtzmann and others have attempted to make light of this, and even to speak of the opening words of the Lord's Prayer, "Our Father who art in heaven," as if Jesus might have uttered them in company with the disciples; but the distinction is a vital one, and we do not agree with those who can believe that Jesus could have uttered, for Himself along with others, the whole of the Lord's Prayer, including the petition, "Forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.". He challenged Zeus for control of Mount Olympus. Of course, nobody (back then or today) believes that âson of Godâ means that God gave birth to a son or had a son after intercourse with a human female. The conferring of an office on a mere man could not enable him to do things beyond the reach of human powers; yet it is frequently assumed that, if only Jesus was Messiah, He was able for anything, even when the thing in question is something for which a mere man is wholly incompetent. Jesus says, âFor God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting lifeâ (John 3:16 KJV). If Jesus was â¦ Jehovahâs Witnesses, and other cults, have taken this to mean that Jesus was literally begotten. Physical Reason 5. Unitarian. The usual assumption is that the second question, "Art thou .... the Son of God?" In the Bible, the word âspiritâ is translated from the Hebrew word ruÊ¹ach and the Greek word pneuÊ¹ma.Most often, those words refer to Godâs active force, or holy spirit. Apostolic Doctrine: Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. When the title has such a range of application, it is obvious that the Divinity of Christ cannot be inferred from the mere fact that it is applied to Him. In Luke 1:35, the following reason for its use is given, "The Holy Spirit shall come upon thee, and the power of the Most High shall overshadow thee: wherefore also the holy thing which is begotten shall be called the Son of God." It may be questioned whether it was blasphemy merely to claim to be the Messiah; but it was rank and undeniable blasphemy to claim to be the Son of God. Use of Title in the Synoptists 2. God the Holy Spirit. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Yet, while there is much in this passage fitted to produce sane and sober views as to the real manhood of Jesus, there are few sayings of His that betray a stronger consciousness of His being more than man. But this is not the nature of parallelism, which generally includes in the second of the parallel terms something in excess of what is expressed in the first; it would be quite in accordance with the nature of parallelism if the second term supplied the reason for the first. μονογενὴς Θεὸς ὁ ὢν εἰς τὸν κόλπον τοῦ Πατρὸς, ἐκεῖνος ἐξηγήσατο) has led to translations including "God the One and Only" (NIV, 1984) referring to the Son. Naturally it is with the words of Jesus Himself on this subject that we are most concerned. (According to verses 4 and 7 of Revelation 12, Satan led a rebellion against God and His righteous angels, during which the devil persuaded one-third of the angelic realm to join him. The "Son" in Matthew 11:27 8. (Mark 1:1 KJV) Similar names of Jesus that point to His relationship with the Father are Son of the Most High, Son of the Living God, and simply, Son. He is the god of the pure, upper air that only the gods breathe, as opposed to the gloomy, lower "aer" breathed by mortals.
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