battle of monte cassino casualties
Together, these features formed the Gustav Line. They came under intense mortar fire and suffered many casualties. It was split into two phases as the first phase petered out and the Allies had to alter their tactics. The casualties in the 28th Battalion now totaled 128 men. It is quite extraordinary how fierce these battles were when one considers that Germany was basically fighting at a disadvantage. However, General Alexander, C-in-C of the AAI, had clearly laid down the Army boundaries before the battle and Rome was allocated to the Fifth Army. They lost about 55, 000 people by the end of the battle. Fast Facts: Battle of Monte Cassino. The corps did not have the extra men, but there would certainly have been time to alter the overall battle plan and cancel or modify the central attack by the U.S. II Corps to make men available to force the issue in the south before the German reinforcements were able to get into position. All members of the Polish units received the Monte Cassino Commemorative Cross.  In Italy the victims of these acts were described as Marocchinate meaning literally "Moroccaned" (or people who have been subjected to acts committed by Moroccans). As the battle grew longer their forces just increased and the Germans started withdrawing from various positions. Fears escalated along with casualties and in spite of a lack of clear evidence, it was marked for destruction. The original estimates that Rome would fall by October 1943 proved far too optimistic. Running across the Allied line was the fast flowing Rapido River, which rose in the central Apennine Mountains, flowed through Cassino (joining to the Gari River, which was erroneously identified as the Rapido) and across the entrance to the Liri valley. As a result, Indian troops on the Snake's Head were taken by surprise, while the New Zealand Corps was two days away from being ready to launch their main assault. This latter was across appalling terrain, but it was hoped that the Gurkhas, so expert in mountain terrain, would succeed. Pope Pius XII was silent after the bombing; however, his Cardinal Secretary of State, Luigi Maglione, bluntly stated to the senior U.S. diplomat to the Vatican, Harold Tittmann, that the bombing was "a colossal blunder â¦ a piece of a gross stupidity". He also pointed out that with 150-foot (46 m) high walls made of masonry at least 10 feet (3.0 m) thick, there was no practical means for field engineers to deal with the place and that bombing with "blockbuster" bombs would be the only solution since 1,000 pound bombs would be "next to useless". It would not be the first time the abbey had been demolished over the centuries: between 577 and 589 Monte Cassino was destroyed by the Lombards; by the Saracens in 883; and by an earthquake in 1349. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFCody1956 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMcGibbon2000 (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Battle of Monte Cassino order of battle January 1944, Second Battle of Monte Cassino order of battle February 1944, SicilyâRome American Cemetery and Memorial, monument commemorating the Battle of Monte Cassino, Cassino Band of Northumbria Army Cadet Force, 1944: la battaglia di S.Angelo in Theodice e la confusione tra i fiumi Rapido e Gari, "The French Expeditionary Corps in Italy: Order of battle", "Memorial unveiled in honour of allies who liberated Rome", United States Army Center of Military History, 28 photographs taken just after the Italian battle of Cassino, Illustrated article on the Battle of Monte Cassino at Battlefields Europe, Richard Hartinger's Monte Cassino Foundation, Oral history interview with Joseph J. Menditto, an infantryman in the Battle of Monte Cassino, "Eire Cut Off By Allies, 1944/04/06 (1944)", "Allies Close on Rome, 1944/06/01 (1944)", Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany, Rape during the Soviet occupation of Poland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Monte_Cassino&oldid=988432746, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2012, Wikipedia articles with style issues from December 2019, Articles needing additional references from May 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2018, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2015, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with Italian-language sources (it), ÐÐµÐ»Ð°ÑÑÑÐºÐ°Ñ (ÑÐ°ÑÐ°ÑÐºÐµÐ²ÑÑÐ°)â, Srpskohrvatski / ÑÑÐ¿ÑÐºÐ¾Ñ ÑÐ²Ð°ÑÑÐºÐ¸, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Gerhard Muhm, La tattica tedesca nella campagna d'Italia, in Linea gotica avamposto dei Balcani, a cura di Amedeo Montemaggi â Edizioni Civitas, Roma 1993, A documentary about the battle of Monte Cassino â, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 03:46.